Various medications pertain to the group of psychostimulants, such as methylxanthines, amphetamines, nootropics, and similar stimulant drugs. Amphetamines are stimulants that affect central nervous system. They have similar effects like nootropic drugs, the difference being that nootropic drugs are made to improve a person's mental abilities without stimulation of the CNS. One of the popular nootropic memory-enhancing drugs is known as Piracetam.
Former and Current Uses of Psychostimulant Drugs
When it comes to the medical uses of amphetamines, at first, they were put to use as medicine against cold, high fever, and even for weight-loss. Today it is used for various problems, such as narcolepsy and hyperkinetic disorder from which young children suffer. In the case of abuse, amphetamines force your body and organism to the limits of endurance, thus causing the feeling of hunger and fatigue.
The same situation rests with nootropics: At first, it is mainly used for their designated purpose, and that is to cure sleep disorders, but nowadays people use them for different health issues, such as ADD or weight-loss. Even healthy people use these drugs in order to improve their mental and physical abilities, as they believe.
Effects and Abuse of Psychostimulant Drugs
There are a lot of similar effects caused by these nootropics and amphetamines; some of the main pharmacological effects are locomotor stimulation, euphoria, excitation, stereotypical behavior, and even anorexia. Besides that, they also produce the peripheral sympathomimetic effect, which can cause an increase in blood pressure and inhibition of gastrointestinal motility. They are absorbed quickly and fluently passed through the blood-brain barrier. Also, they are exuded unchanged through urine.
A person who misuses nootropics and amphetamines can sometimes feel restless, upset, whimsical, and peevish. Larger doses enhance these effects, and a person can become more excited, experiencing a false feeling of self-confidence or superiority, and some can act in a bizarre manner, while others become aggressive and hostile.
These stimulant drugs can cause alterations in mental health, too, such as increased liveliness, a change in mood, a feeling of comfort, becoming more talkative, or more aggressive, a feeling of increased strength, disinterest for friends and sex, reduced appetite, paranoia, etc.
Also, it causes these physical effects: dry mouth, headache, increased heart rate, difficulty in breathing, increased blood pressure, high fever, dilated pupils. Possible side-effects are sweating, high fever, redness caused by high fever, diarrhea or constipation, blurry eyesight, contractions, twitching, anxiety, dizziness, loss of orientation, etc.
Amphetamines and nootropics are very easy to notice on a drug test because they stay in urine for 24-72 hours after consuming, while methamphetamine stays in urine slightly longer – up to 96 hours. Using either nootropic drugs or amphetamines longer than it was recommended by the doctors can cause malnutrition, vitamin deficiency, skin disorders, insomnia, depression, weight loss, etc.
Both amphetamines and nootropics can cause physical, as well as mental addiction. The longer you take these drugs, your body becomes more used to them, so you start to increase the dosage, thus causing the drug become a necessity your organism needs for normal functioning.
Because of this, rehab becomes more difficult, since higher doses of medicine are necessary to achieve the wanted goal. The so-called amphetamine psychosis is a mental state similar to paranoid schizophrenia which is present among users of larger amounts of amphetamines for a longer period. Psychosis is manifested through delusion and paranoia. Sometimes such persons can become extremely violent. Similar mental health issues can appear in cases of an overdose with nootropic drugs.
More on Piracetam: Should You Take it?
It is proved that Piracetam raises the level of acetylcholine in the central nervous system, which is probably a consequence of an increased release of acetylcholine from its presynaptic neurons. This could explain a beneficial effect of Piracetam among the patients that have cognitive disorders.
On the other hand, it is shown that Piracetam increases the usage of glucose in the brain in people with progressive dementia, which could be beneficial in treating their illness. Also, it is used for treating senile involution and dyslexia. The main purpose of Piracetam is to increase your cognitive abilities and memory. It enables to think more creatively and allows your brain to absorb more information.
There were many studies conducted on Piracetam to find out what it can do. At first, it was used in Europe and Russia, and later in South America. It was believed that it could help with Alzheimer's or dementia, but there was not enough proof. Scientists then found some evidence it could cure damage on the brain caused by drugs or alcohol. It was thought it could alleviate depression or even help with anxiety. Again without enough scientific evidence, it was claimed it could help children suffering from dyslexia.
When it comes to side-effects, Piracetam is considered to have a low toxicity. Side-effects will appear if you use it in large doses, and they would reflect as headaches, anxiety, nervousness, weight-gaining, upset stomach, diarrhea, and other symptoms pertaining to usage of nootropics. Though it is generally considered to be safe for use, you should first ask your physician whether to take it or not.